How Does Diabetes Affect Your Eyes?

If you have diabetes, you have a heightened risk for eye diseases and complications than those who don’t have diabetes. However, with regular eye exams, your eye doctor can detect and treat eye problems early, and help to save your vision. Below are the main ways diabetes can impact your vision.

Blurry Vision

Blurry vision may indicate that your blood sugar is too high and is unmanaged. When you have high blood sugar, your eye lens may swell, leading to blurry vision and altering your ability to see. Usually, getting your blood sugar back into its targe range can return your vision back to normal.

Diabetic Retinopathy

High blood sugar can damage the very small blood vessels in your retina, leading to diabetic retinopathy. This condition needs to be treated in order to preserve your vision. You are more susceptible to developing diabetic retinopathy, the longer you have diabetes and if you don’t keep your blood sugar levels under control. People with diabetic retinopathy can also macular edema, whereby small blood vessels in the retina become leaky and cause the retina to swell.


Anyone can get cataracts, but if you have diabetes, you’re at risk of developing them earlier and they could worsen more quickly. Cataracts cause your vision to look cloudy as if you were looking through a smudged or dirty window.


When the fluid in your eye is unable to drain as it should, pressure builds up, which can damage the blood vessels and nerves in your eyes. Over time, this can lead to loss of vision, usually beginning in the peripheral vision. Eye care professionals can screen for glaucoma, and if detected, can treat it to help to preserve your vision. While glaucoma can lead to blindness, proper and diligent treatment can halt the disease or slow down its progression.

If you have diabetes or were recently diagnosed with the condition, contact us here at McPherson Optometry in North Syracuse for an eye exam and screening for eye complications related to diabetes. We use advanced, state-of-the-art optometric and diagnostic equipment to give you the level of care you and your vision deserves. Call us at (315) 458-1000 or complete our online form.

What Are Dry Eyes?

Do your eyes feel dry and itchy? This is not uncommon, but it is also not normal. If you have dry eyes, it is always important for you to determine what’s causing it. Dry eyes occur when your eyes are not producing enough tears, or the tears that are being produced are not of a good quality. As a result, the eyes can be painfully dry.


What Are the Symptoms?

Your eyes may feel scratchy and burn. They may be sensitive to light and may sting when you are driving at night. If you wear contact lenses, you may notice that they seem painful. Some people develop a mucus around the eyes.

What’s Causing It?

Dry eyes can occur as a result of adequate tears. Tears are made up of fatty oils, water, and mucus, all designed to keep the eye’s surface clear and smooth. Getting older makes you more likely to develop this condition. Some medical conditions, such as lupus, arthritis, diabetes, and thyroid disorders, can also cause it. Eyelid problems as well as environmental factors, such as being in wind or smoke, can also make this more likely to occur.

What Treatment Options Are Available?

If you have dry eyes just once, using over-the-counter tear products may be an okay option. For others, it’s important to understand the cause of the dry eyes so you can get more effective treatment. Your eye doctor can help. Some medications may help to stimulate the production of tears. Others can also work to improve the quality of tears you have. In addition, more advanced treatments, such as the use of eye inserts that work like artificial tears, can also help.

Some people may need a procedure to open the tear ducts. Others need to have the tear ducts closed to limit the loss of tears. Unblocking oil glands may also be an option.

Do You Think You Have Dry Eyes? Make an Appointment Today

At McPherson Optometry, P.C., we offer treatment options for most causes of dry eyes. Don’t live in discomfort. Call us today at 315-458-1000 to schedule an eye exam.