Macular degeneration is one of the more complicated diseases of the eye, but it is also a condition that can be associated with certain risk factors. It is best to know if you are at risk of macular degeneration because early diagnosis is the key to preventing the condition from causing permanent damage to your eyes. Here are a few ways you will know if you are at risk so you can discuss your risks with your eye doctor.
1. Do you have a family history of the disease?
Individuals who have had a close family member with macular degeneration wet or dry may be more likely to develop the disease. Research has not yet indicated if there is a genetic factor here or if the environment could be to blame.
2. How old are you?
According to Bright Focus, risks raise from 2 percent between 50 and 59 to around 30 percent over the age of 75. Therefore, the older you get, the more at risk you will be for macular degeneration. It is important to keep close tabs on your vision as you age for this and other reasons.
3. Are you a smoker or do you live with a smoker?
Individuals who smoke are more likely to develop macular degeneration than non-smokers. Likewise, people who are around smokers and secondhand smoke can also be at risk. Therefore, it is best to kick the habit and kick smokers out of the house when they light up if you want to protect your eyes.
4. Do you keep your weight in check?
Obesity is one of the most well-established risk factors for macular degeneration, even though this is not something that most people know. Individuals who do not keep their BMI at a healthy level can develop several vision problems due to underlying health factors, such as unstable blood sugar levels, lack of exercise, and other things.
5. How is your blood pressure?
If you do not keep your blood pressure levels in check by visiting a doctor annually, it is best if you do for the sake of your eyes. High blood pressure can cause a lot of damage to the eyes, but it is also a risk factor for macular degeneration.
Talk to Us About Macular Degeneration Prevention in North Syracuse
The more you know about risks, the more you can protect yourself from macular degeneration. Contact us at McPherson Optometry for more information.